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8.4.3 Court identifiers

(a) Early law reports

Pre-1875, it is not always easy or possible to determine which court decided a particular reported case. Accordingly, in this period it may not be possible to include court identifiers. Where it is possible to identify the court, use the following court identifiers:


Court of ChanceryCh

Court of Common PleasComm Pleas

Court for Crown Cases ReservedCr C R

Court for Divorce and Matrimonial CausesDiv & Mat

Court of ExchequerExch

Court of Exchequer ChamberExch Ch

Court of King’s BenchKB

Court of ProbateProb

Court of Queen’s BenchQB

High Court of AdmiraltyAdmir

Eg Moses v Macferland (1706) 2 Burr 1005, 97 ER 676 (KB).

Eg Jeffrey v Coles (1747) Willes 634, 125 ER 1359 (Comm Pleas).

Eg Collen v Wright (1857) 8 EL & BL 645, 120 ER 241 (Exch Ch).

If it is possible to identify the court but there is no standard abbreviation, write the name of the court out in full.

(b) Modern reports

For post-1875 cases, include a court identifier for every case where there is no neutral citation. Use the following court identifiers:

Supreme CourtSC

House of LordsHL

Privy CouncilPC

Court of AppealCA

Court of Criminal AppealCrim App

Chancery DivisionCh

Family DivisionFam

King’s BenchKB

Queen’s BenchQB

Note that when citing an English case in one of the official reports it is always necessary to give a court identifier (where there is no neutral citation) as all of the official reports include reports of decisions from more than one court.

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